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The ECG in Practice is a clinically-orientated book, showing how the electrocardiogram can help in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with symptoms suggesting cardiovascular disease. The underlying philosophy of this Sixth Edition remains that the ECG has to be interpreted in the light of the patient’s history and physical examination, thus the book is organised in chapters according to a patient’s symptoms.
This book provides a lucid summary of modern multislice CT imaging of the abdomen, with a focus on the essential imaging findings. After a concise technical introduction, the most important abdominal diseases are described and illustrated with high-quality images. Sections are devoted to the liver and biliary system, the pancreas and spleen, the kidneys and urogenital system, and the bowel and peritoneal cavity. Throughout, key differential diagnostic features are highlighted. The editorial team is composed of internationally renowned radiologists from Europe and the United States, and all chapters have been written by recognized experts in the topic under consideration. Multislice CT of the Abdomen will serve as an excellent reference for radiologists participating in further professional training and will prove an ideal source of information for all who wish to deepen their personal knowledge of the subject.
Study from 1348 surgery infective samples to estimate to E. coli’s rate and against of those to the antibiotics by studying experiment. Result: • All the samples have E. coli. The common rate in the samples is 23%; The E. coli’s rate in the fluid gall is the highest (28,1%) and the lowest is E. coli’s rate in the pleural fluid (2,6%); The E. coli has been sensitived with antibiotic, make a quite rate, almost of: Netilmycin (98,6%), amikacin (93,4%), cefotaxim (76,9%), gentamycin (70%), and almost of against of: Ampicilin (79,3%), co-trimoxazol (66,2%), tetracycline (56,2%), cloramphenicol (61,4%).
"This study was performed in order to test the possibilities of calculating the burden of disease in Bavi district in Vietnam, using data collected from Bavi epidemiological field laboratory with the help of Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY). The calculated burden of diseases consisted of the two components YLLs (Years of Life Lost) and YLDs (Years Lived with Disabilities). The data used for YLLs include 177 mortality cases, which were collected during the year of 1999. YLDs burden was calculated based on 46897 morbidity cases collected during six months of 1999. The total population covered by the field laboratory was 49000 persons. The data used in the study was not designed specially for calculation of DAL Ys. This study was designed to use data that were ""readily available"", to assess the applicability of the method in the context of a developing country like Vietnam. By using computer software MS Excel 97, MS FoxPro for Windows 2.6 and Epiinfo 6.04b running on the above-mentioned data, using disability weightings and durations recommended by WHO, the burden of diseases was calculated. The leading diagnoses for YLLs were infant mortality (20.6%), drowning (14.8%), cancer (13.4%), accidents 8.1%, and kidney diseases (6.1 %). Leading causes in the YLDs component were heart diseases (54.3%), hypertension (12.8%) and injuries (5.5%). The study was successful in its objective to quantify burden of disease by using the readily available data. The two parts, YLLs and YLDs could however not be combined to a common DALY measure, as the diagnostic accuracy did not allow that. "
The aim of study was to evaluate the pre-operative psychology and the knowledge of surgical patients on surgery and anesthesia; and to find out patient’s discomforts in the recovery time. Methods: A descriptive and observational study was conducted on the 228 patients, one day before and immedieatly after the surgery. Results: 140 patients were included in the study. Their pre-operative psychologies were: The afraid of pain (46.4%), recurrence(35.7%), concern of failure (34.8%), to which female was risk factor, OR = 2.6; 2.5; 4.8 respectively. 63.6% patient had no knowledge about their own operations and 58.6% patients had no idea on anesthetic methods. During the recovery time, the most frequent discomforts were pain (65.8%), thirst (19.3%), hot (15.3%). Female, the afraid of pain, concern of failure were risk factors to the post-operative pain with OR= 11.2; 2.5; 2.6 respectively. The most desire was decreasing the pain (56.8%). Conclusion: The most frequent pre-operative psychology of patient was afraid of pain (46.4%). 63.6% patient had no knowledge about their operation, 58.6% patients had not known about anesthesia. In the recovery time the pain was most regular discomfort. Femal, pre-operative the afraid of pain, concern of failue were risk factors in the post-operative pain.
Discover fascinating facts about the human body in Human Anatomy. Did you know that your stomach is only a centimetre away from the bottom of your heart?
You’ll get to see all the biological wonders of the human body, often at life-size, with spectacular anatomical images showing the body’s structure in incredible detail, from bone sutures to lymph nodes. Professor Alice Roberts takes you on a journey through all the body’s systems, working down from the head to the toes, with a clear overview of each system. Amazing body diagrams and exhaustive annotations give you all the key details on organs and body structures.
For forty years The ECG Made Easy has been regarded as one of best introductory guides to the ECG. With over half a million sales and translations into a dozen languages, this book, hailed by the British Medical Journal as a “medical classic”, has been a favourite of generations of medical students and nurses. It directs users of the electrocardiogram to straightforward and accurate identification of normal and abnormal ECG patterns. With the emphasis throughout on simplicity and practical application, this Eighth Edition will prove invaluable to all medical and health care staff who require clear, basic knowledge about the ECG.
Public health has been deﬁned as “the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting health through the organized efforts of society.” This deﬁnition was arrived at in the inquiry established to consider the future development of the public health function including the control of communicable disease in England (Acheson, 1988). The inquiry was set up following failures in the system to protect the health of the public from two major outbreaks of communicable disease caused by salmonella and Legionnaires’ disease. Since then, a number of health scares have highlighted the need for continuing improvements in public health protection systems. Recent high proﬁle examples include the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, the human form of bovine spongiform encephalopathy commonly known as mad cow disease. The description of disease epidemiology typically has three elements: time, place, and person. Describing the outbreak and spread of a communicable disease therefore explicitly includes a spatial component. Although this has long been recognized (e.g., the investigation of cholera outbreaks in London by John Snow), an important barrier to examining the spatial element of disease outbreaks has been the lack of both digitized spatial data and the computer tools for mapping and spatial analysis.
Diabetic ketoacidosis, one of the acute complications of diabetes, occurred often in children. Objectives: Study the clinical and paraclinical symptoms of the pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis. Target patients: All pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis were treated in the national hospital pediatric from 10/1994 to 10/2004. Methods: describable retrospective study. Results: The clinical symptoms of the pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis: Most children had complications before treatment diabetes (55%). Thirst and drinking a lot appeared within 2 weeks before the diabetic ketoacidosis (63.6%). All the patients had consciousness disorder with 50% coma. The rate of weight loss and severe water loss and polyuria were 100%, 55%, 75%. 35% of the children had Kussmaul respirations including 65% deep tachypneic. The paraclinical symptoms of the pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis: Hyperglycemia: 18,32 mmol/l; The average of arterial blood pH: 7,12; The rate of hyponatremia, hyperkalemia were 60%, 40%. Keto-uria (+) is the highest rate: 80%; Glyurie (+++): 65%. Conclusion: Diabetic ketoacidosis is seen frequently in children who were diagnosed the first time. So, it is necessary to diagnose early and to screen the diabetes.